British vs. American Food Terminologies

A

  • alligator pear = avocado
  • all purpose flour = plain flour, strong flour, unbleached flour
  • almond paste = marzipan
  • avocado = alligator pear

B

  • bacon (UK) = Canadian bacon, ham (US)
  • bacon (US) = streaky bacon (UK)
  • banger = sausage
  • bean curd = soybean curd, tofu
  • beet = beetroot
  • beetroot = beet
  • bell peppers = capsicum
  • bird peppers = serrano chiles
  • biscuits = cookies
  • blackstrap molasses = black treacle
  • black treacle = blackstrap molasses
  • broad bean = fava bean
  • brown onion = yellow onion
  • butter bean = lima bean

C

  • Canadian bacon (US) = bacon (UK)
  • candied fruit = peal
  • capsicum = bell peppers
  • cassava = manioc, yuca
  • castor sugar = superfine granulated sugar
  • ceci beans = chick peas, garbanzo beans
  • chick peas = ceci beans, garbanzo beans
  • chips (UK) = French fries (US)
  • cilantro = coriander
  • clams = cockles, donax
  • cling film = plastic wrap
  • cockles = clams, donax
  • cookies = biscuits
  • coriander = cilantro
  • cornmeal = polenta, ground corn
  • cornstarch = corn flour
  • Cream of Wheat = farina
  • Crisco = lard, spry
  • crisps (UK) = potato chips (US)
  • confectioner’s sugar = icing sugar, powdered sugar
  • courgettes = zucchini, marrow squash

D

  • delmonico steak = New York strip, shell steak
  • donax = clams
  • double cream = whipping cream

E

  • eggplant = aubergine
  • English pea = green pea, garden pea, peas
  • essence = extract
  • extract = essence

F

  • farina = cream of wheat
  • fava bean = broad bean
  • filberts = hazelnuts
  • flour, unbleached = all purpose flour, plain flour, strong white flour
  • flour, whole wheat = wholemeal flour
  • French fries (US) = chips (UK)

G

  • garbanzo beans = chick peas, ceci beans
  • garden pea = green pea, English pea, peas
  • green bean = haricot vert
  • green onion = long green shallots, scallions
  • green pea = garden pea, English pea, peas
  • ground beef = mince, hamburger meat
  • ground corn = cornmeal, polenta
  • groundnut oil = peanut oil

H

  • habanero pepper = scotch bonnett pepper (similar to)
  • ham (US) = bacon (UK)
  • hamburger meat = mince, ground beef
  • haricot vert = green bean
  • hazelnuts = filberts

I

  • icing sugar = confectioner’s sugar, powdered sugar

J

  • jam (UK) = jelly (USA)
  • Japanese cooking wine = mirin, sweet sake
  • Japanese plum = loquat
  • Japanese pumpkin = kabocha squash
  • jelly (UK) = Jell-O (USA)
  • jelly (USA) = jam (UK)

K

  • kabocha squash = Japanese pumpkin
  • key lime = Persian lime

L

  • lady finger = okra
  • lard = Crisco, spry
  • lima bean = butter bean
  • long green shallots = green onion, scallion
  • loquat = Japanese plum

M

  • manioc = cassava, yuca
  • marrow squash = zucchini, courgette
  • marzipan = almond paste
  • mince = ground beef, hamburger meat
  • mirin = sweet sake, Japanese cooking wine

N

New York strip steak = delmonico steak, shell steak

O

okra = lady finger

P

  • papaya, unripe = pawpaw
  • pawpaw = unripe papaya
  • peanut oil = groundnut oil
  • peal = candied fruit
  • peas = green pea, garden pea, English pea
  • Persian lime = key lime
  • pips = seeds
  • plain flour = unbleached flour, strong white flour, all-purpose flour
  • plastic wrap = cling film
  • polenta = ground corn, cornmeal
  • potato chips (US) = crisps (UK)
  • powdered sugar = icing sugar, confectioner’s sugar

R

  • radicchio = red chicory
  • raisins = sultanas
  • red chicory = radicchio
  • rind = zest
  • rutabaga = swede

S

  • sausage = banger
  • scallion = green onion, long green shallots
  • scotch bonnett = habanero (similar to)
  • seeded = stoned
  • seeds = pips
  • serrano chiles = bird peppers
  • shallots = spring onions
  • shell steak = delmonico steak, New York strip
  • shoyu = tamari, soy sauce
  • soy bean curd = bean curd, tofu
  • soy sauce = tamari, shoyu
  • Spanish onion = Bermuda onion
  • spring onions = shallots
  • spry = lard, Crisco
  • stoned = seeded
  • streaky bacon (UK) = bacon (US)
  • strong white flour = plain flour, unbleached flour, all-purpose flour
  • sultanas = raisins
  • superfine granulated sugar = castor sugar
  • swede = rutabaga
  • sweet sake = mirin, Japanese cooking wine

T

  • tamari = shoyu, soy sauce
  • tempe = tempeh
  • tempeh = tempe
  • tofu = bean curd, soybean curd

U

  • unbleached flour = all-purpose flour, strong white flour, plain flour

W

  • whipping cream = double cream
  • wholemeal flour = whole wheat flour
  • whole wheat flour = whole meal flour

Y

  • yellow onions = brown onions
  • yuca = manioc, cassava

Z

  • zest = rind
  • zucchini = courgettes or marrow squash
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