Emergency Food Substitution Guide

Tomato purée
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B

  • Baking Powder, 1 tsp: 1 tsp baking soda plus 1/2 tsp cream of tartar
  • Balsamic Vinegar, 1 tbsp: 1 Tbsp sherry or cider vinegar
  • Bread Crumbs, Dry, 1/4 cup: 1/4 cup finely crushed cracker crumbs, corn flakes or quick-cooking or old-fashioned oats
  • Broth, Chicken, Beef or Vegetable, 1 cup: 1 tsp chicken, beef or vegetable bouillon granules (or 1 cube) dissolved in 1 cup boiling water
  • Buttermilk or Sour Milk, 1 cup: 1 Tbsp lemon juice or white vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup. Let stand a few minutes. Or use 1 cup plain yogurt

C

  • Capers, 1 tbsp: 1 Tbsp chopped green olives
  • Chocolate, Semisweet baking, 1 oz: 1 oz unsweetened baking chocolate plus 1 Tbsp sugar
  • Chocolate, Semisweet chips, 1 cup: 6 oz semisweet baking chocolate, chopped
  • Chocolate, Unsweetened baking, 1 oz: 3 Tbsp baking cocoa plus 1 Tbsp shortening or margarine
  • Cornstarch, 1 tbsp: 2 Tbsp all-purpose flour or 4 tsp quick-cooking tapioca or 1 tbsp potato, rice or arrowroot starch
  • Corn Syrup, Light, 1 cup: 1 cup sugar plus 1/4 cup water
  • Corn Syrup, Dark, 1 cup: 1 cup light corn syrup; 3/4 cup light corn syrup plus 1/4 cup molasses; or 1 cup maple-flavored syrup

E

  • Eggs, 1 large: 2 egg whites; 1/4 cup cholesterol-free egg product; 2 egg yolks (for custard or puddings); or 2 egg yolks plus 1 Tbsp water (for cookies or bars)

F

  • Flour, Gold Medal® all-purpose, 1 cup: 1 cup plus 2 Tbsp cake flour
  • Flour, Softasilk® cake, 1 cup: 1 cup minus 2 Tbsp Gold Medal® all-purpose flour
  • Flour, Gold Medal® self-rising, 1 cup: 1 cup Gold Medal® all-purpose flour plus 1 1/2 tsp baking powder and 1/2 tsp salt

G

  • Garlic (finely chopped), 1 medium clove: 1/8 tsp garlic powder or 1/4 tsp instant minced garlic
  • Gingerroot (grated or finely chopped), 1 tsp: 3/4 tsp ground ginger

H

  • Herbs (chopped fresh), 1 Tbsp: 3/4 to 1 tsp dried herbs
  • Honey, 1 cup: 1 1/4 cups sugar plus 1/4 cup water or apple juice

I

  • Italian Herb Seasoning, 1 tsp: ¼ tsp each basil, marjoram, oregano, thyme

L

  • Leeks (sliced), 1/2 cup: 1/2 cup sliced shallots or green onions
  • Lemon Juice (fresh), 1 Tbsp: 1 Tbsp bottled lemon juice or white vinegar
  • Lemon Peel (grated), 1 tsp: 1 tsp dried lemon peel

M

  • Milk (regular or low-fat), 1 cup: 1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water; or nonfat dry milk prepared as directed on package
  • Molasses, 1 cup: 1/2 cup honey (flavor will be milder)
  • Mushrooms (fresh), 1 cup cooked sliced: 1 can (4 oz) mushroom stems and pieces, drained
  • Mustard, 1 Tbsp: 1 tsp ground mustard (dry)

O

  • Oil (in baked goods), 1 cup: 1 cup applesauce
  • Onion, ¼ cup: 1 tbsp. instant minced onion (let stand in liquid)
  • Orange Peel (grated), 1 tsp: 1 tsp dried orange peel

P

  • Poultry Seasoning, 1 tsp: 1/4 tsp ground thyme plus 3/4 tsp ground sage
  • Pumpkin or Apple Pie Spice, 1 tsp: Mix 1/2 tsp ground cinnamon, 1/4 tsp ground ginger, 1/8 tsp ground allspice and 1/8 tsp ground nutmeg

R

  • Red Pepper Sauce, 3 or 4 drops: 1/8 tsp ground red pepper (cayenne)

S

  • Sesame Seed, 1 Tbsp: 1 Tbsp finely chopped blanched almonds
  • Sherry, dry, ¼ cup: ¼ cup sweet white wine or Marsala
  • Sour Cream, 1 cup: 1 cup plain yogurt
  • Sugar, Brown (packed), 1 cup: 1 cup granulated sugar plus 2 Tbsp molasses or dark corn syrup
  • Sugar, Granulated (packed), 1 cup: 1 cup light brown sugar (packed) or 2 cups powdered sugar

T

  • Tomato Juice, 1 cup: ½ cup tomato sauce plus ½ cup water
  • Tomato Paste, 1/2 cup: 1 cup tomato sauce cooked uncovered to reduced to l/2 cup
  • Tomato Sauce, 2 cups: 3/4 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water
  • Tomatoes (canned), 1 cup: About 1 1/3 cups cut-up fresh tomatoes, simmered 10 min

W

  • Whipping Cream (whipped), 1 cup: 1 cup frozen (thawed) whipped topping or 1 cup prepared whipped topping mix
  • Wine, Red, 1 cup: 1 cup apple cider or beef broth
  • Wine, White, 1 cup: 1 cup apple juice, apple cider or chicken broth

Y

  • Yeast (regular or quick active dry), 1 pkg (1/4 oz): 2 1/4 tsp regular or quick active dry or 1 package (0.6 oz) compressed cake yeast
  • Yogurt, 1 cup: 1 cup buttermilk OR 1 cup milk with 1 tbsp lemon juice
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