Carrots


History / Geography
Afghanistan

Science
Daucus carota (sativa) – parsley family

Season
Carrots are usually a autumn/winter vegetable, but will be seen all year long being they are one of the most popular vegetables!

How to Select
Choose your carrots with green, moist greenery, and firm, smooth carrots. Avoid limp carrots with black or soft spots.

Storage
If storing whole carrots, remove the greenery beforehand, then place in a plastic bag and store in your refrigerator. If you would like to store for longer than two weeks, like this, in the refrigerator, then blanch your carrots first and freeze.

Nutritional Qualities
Carotene, fibre, potassium, pectin and Vitamins A and B.

Trivia
Limp carrots can be revived by placing them in a bowl of iced water.

Wine Pairings
For raw vegetables: Pinot Grigio, Chenin Blanc.
For carrot soup: Zinfandel.
For carrot cake: Sauternes, Vouvray.

Spices
Allspice, anise seed, cardamom, chives, cinnamon, cloves, cumin, dill, fennel, fines herbes, ginger, mace, marjoram, mint, mustard, nutmeg, parsley, savory, tarragon, thyme, turmeric.

Equivalencies
1 lb. = 3 c. chopped = 2 1/2 c. grated = 2 c. cooked
1 – 2 medium carrots = 1 c. shredded
Serving Size: 1/4 – 1/3 lb. fresh per person; 1/2 lb. cooked per person

Preparation
Blanch / Parboil: Place sliced carrots in cold, salted water and bring to a boil for 2 minutes.
Boiling: Whole Baby / 1/4″ slices = cover, boil 5 – 10 minutes. Whole Large Carrots = cover, boil 10 – 20 minutes.
Steaming: Whole Baby = 8 – 12 minutes. Slices = 5 – 10 minutes. Whole Large = 12 – 20 minutes.
Microwave: Sliced = 1 lb. carrots + 2 tbsp. water / broth = 6 – 8 minutes, stand for 1 minute.
Roast: 1″ diagonal slices = 325 degrees for 40 – 50 minutes.
Grill: 1″ slices in foil = medium heat for 25 – 30 minutes
Stir-Frying: 1/4″ slices + 1 tbsp. oil for 1 minutes, then + 2 tbsp. liquid, cover and cook 3 minutes.

Recipes

Zucchini-Carrot Bread
Recipe By: Jennifer A. Wickes

1 1/2 cups zucchini — shredded
1/2 cup carrot — shredded
1/2 teaspoon salt
3 cups unbleached flour — sifted
1/4 cup soy flour
1/2 tablespoon baking soda
1/2 tablespoon baking powder
2 teaspoons cinnamon
1/2 teaspoon nutmeg
1/2 teaspoon cardamom
3 large eggs
1 cup applesauce
1 cup brown sugar
1 cup canned pumpkin
2 1/2 teaspoons vanilla extract
1/2 teaspoon lemon peel
1 cup walnuts — chopped (optional)
1 cup raisins — optional

Preheat the oven to 350 degrees F. Grease and flour two 8×4 inch loaf pans.

Clean the zucchini, cut off the ends, and shred using a grater. Peel the carrots, trim off the ends and shred with a grater. Mix the zucchini and the carrot with 1/2 teaspoon of salt. Place in a colander with a heavy pot on top. Allow to sit for 20 minutes. This will help rid the vegetables of excess water.

Sift together the rest of the flour, soy flour, baking soda, baking powder and spices. Mix thoroughly. Set aside.

Beat the eggs until frothy. Add the applesauce a little at a time and beat well. Then, add the sugar. While still beating, add the pumpkin.

Mix in the vanilla and the lemon peel. When thoroughly mixed, add the carrot and zucchini.

Add the dry ingredients a little at a time. Be careful not to overmix. Slowly mix in the nut and raisins.

Pour into prepared pans.

Bake at 350 F for 1 hour or until a toothpick inserted in the center comes out clean. Place on a rack to cool for 10 minutes, then remove from the pans and cool completely.

Store in a refrigerator wrapped in waxed paper, then in foil.

Yields: 2 loaves

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